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「貝多芬」 讓你開車更省電!

「貝多芬」 讓你開車更省電! Energy-Saving Music
Energy-Saving Music
[url][/url]
作者 Mark Darvill
閱讀時間 8分鐘
聽講解 聽朗讀
本圖文出處:https://www.ivy.com.tw/newsLetter/an...080116454197721
MP3:https://www.dropbox.com/s/pomw0xdb7p80q9w/%E3%80%8C%E8%B2%9D%E5%A4%9A%E8%8A%AC%E3%80%8D%20%E8%AE%...1%E9%9B%BB%21%20Energy-Saving%20Music.rar?dl=0
「貝多芬」 讓你開車更省電! Energy-Saving Music
一旦他們買了電動車,他們開車時所聽的音樂也會影響其能源消耗。

目錄 / Tips & Analysis / More to Learn / 中文翻譯(& 答案)
克漏字

    Nowadays, many people are trying to lead more energy-efficient lives to protect the environment. One particularly useful thing people can do is purchase an electric car. Most people are aware that electric cars are far more energy-efficient than traditional fuel-burning cars. However, __1__ they may not realize is that once they have bought an electric car, the music they listen to while driving also affects their energy consumption.

    An experiment __2__ by a South Korean car manufacturer in 2022 invited a number of drivers to drive their new electric cars. The company asked the drivers, who were all new to electric vehicles, to drive their cars over an 18-mile distance, __3__ a traffic jam moving along at a glacial pace, country roads, and expressways with dual lanes. Some of these drivers were instructed to listen to Beethoven while driving. Others were required to listen to a range of pop artists, such as Kanye West and Adele. The results revealed that the relaxing nature of Beethoven’s music resulted in those cars using __4__ than the cars whose drivers listened to pop music. This is because pop music tends to have a higher tempo and heavier beat.

    So, if you own an electric car but still want to make a greater environmental __5__, you can listen to your favorite piece of classical music. However, if you don’t care about power consumption and want to drive faster, just put on some fast-paced pop tracks!



1. (A) who (B) how (C) when (D) what

2. (A) conducted (B) questioned (C) disciplined (D) retained

3. (A) estimated at (B) depending on (C) inclusive of (D) characteristic of

4. (A) more solar energy (B) less battery power (C) slower vehicle speed (D) faster payment method

5. (A) disaster (B) contribution (C) invasion (D) assessment



答案: 1.D 2.A 3.C 4.B 5.B


單字片語整理
Words in Use

payment [ˋpemənt]

n. 支付,付款

purchase [ˋpɝtʃəs]

vt. & n. 購買

contribution [͵kɑntrəˋbjuʃən]

n. 捐獻;貢獻

reveal [rɪˋvil]

vt. 透露,揭露

experiment [ɪkˋspɛrəmənt]

n. & vi. 實驗,試驗

track [træk]

n. 小徑;(火車的)軌道;跑道;田徑運動(= track and field);歌 / 樂曲
vt. 追蹤;留下(泥巴等)痕跡於……

classical [ˋklæsɪk!]

adj. (音樂)古典的;傳統的

instruct [ɪnˋstrʌkt]

vt. 教授,指導;指示,告知

retain [rɪˋten]

.vt. 保留,保有

manufacturer [͵mænjəˋfæktʃərɚ]

.n. 廠商;製造商

discipline [ˋdɪsəplɪn]

n. 紀律(不可數)
vt. 訓練,管教

disaster [dɪˋzæstɚ]

n. 災害,災難(尤指天災);大失敗

battery [ˋbætərɪ]

n. 電池

invasion [ɪnˋveʒən]

n. 入侵

solar [ˋsolɚ]

a. 太陽的;與太陽有關的

assessment [əˋsɛsmənt]

n. 評估

consumption [kənˋsʌmpʃən]

n. (能源、資源) 消耗 (量) ; 攝取 (食物) ; 消費 (皆不可數)

conduct [ˋkɑndʌkt]

n. 行為(不可數)

vehicle [ˋviɪk!]

n. 車輛;任何有輪子的運載工具

tempo [ˋtɛmpo]

n. . 節奏;步調

dual [ˋdjuəl]

a. . 雙重的

question [ˋkwɛstʃən]

n. 問題;懷疑(不可數)
vt. 質問;質疑

fast-paced [ˌfæstˈpest]
adj. 步調快速的

expressway [ɪkˋsprɛs͵we]
n. 高速公路
Practical Phrases

result in... 引起 / 導致……
= contribute to
= lead to
= give rise to
Sometimes, hesitation can result in missed opportunities.
有時候,猶豫不決會造成錯失良機。


be characteristic of... 是……的特徵
Genes determine the characteristics of every living thing.
基因決定了每樣生物的種種特徵。

This usage is characteristic of American English.
這種用法是美式英語的特徵。

This kind of hot and spicy food is very characteristic of the food in the country.
這種辛辣食物是該國非常典型的食物。


inclusive of...   包含……
= ... included
= including...
Five passengers were injured in the accident,
inclusive of a pregnant woman.
5 名乘客在此意外中受傷,包括 1 名孕婦在內。


tend to V 容易......
= be prone to
= be prone to V
= be inclined to V
= be likely to V

be aware + that 子句 知道/注意到⋯⋯
You must be aware that a blood donation can save someone else’s life.
你一定知道捐血可以救人一命。


a range of... 各種不同的⋯⋯

energy-efficient 節能的

depending on... 視⋯⋯而定(作片語介詞用)
House prices can vary, depending on where the house is located.
房價會視房屋地點有所變動。


be estimated at + 數字 估計有⋯⋯
After many years of use, Tony’s car was estimated at half its original price.
經過多年的使用後,東尼的車只估得原價的一半。


at a glacial pace 以極緩慢的速度
The nuclear power plant is being constructed
at a glacial pace.
該核能發電廠正以極緩慢的速度建造中。

Tips & Analysis


1. However, what they may not realize is that once they have bought an electric car, the music they listen to while driving also affects their energy consumption.

理由

a. 空格後有缺乏受詞的子句 they may not realize, 還有 be 動詞 is,以及 that 引導的名詞子句作為主 詞補語,故知空格須置入可引導名詞子句的詞類, 以形成名詞子句作為本句的主詞,並兼作 realize 的受詞。

b. what 可作複合關係代名詞,引導名詞子句,等於 the thing(s) that,且 what 在其引導的名詞子句 中可作受詞,置入後符合文法及語意,表他們可 能沒有意識到的是,一旦他們買了電動車,他們 開車時所聽的音樂也會影響其能源消耗,故選 (D) what。

• What Larry doesn’t know is that his wife has been cheating him.

賴瑞不知道的是,他的妻子一直在欺騙他。

c. who(誰)為疑問代名詞,雖可引導名詞子句,但 置入後語意不合,故 (A) 不可選。

• We are wondering who will win the election.

我們很想知道誰會贏得這次選舉。

d. how(如何)和 when(什麼時候)為疑問副詞, 雖可引導名詞子句,但無法作該名詞子句中的受 詞,故 (B)、(C) 不可選。

• I know how we should handle the problem.

我知道我們該如何處理該問題。

• Do you remember when we first met?

你還記得我們第一次見面是什麼時候嗎?

2. An experiment conducted by a South Korean car manufacturer in 2022 invited a number of drivers to drive their new electric cars.

理由

根據語意,一家韓國汽車製造商在 2022 年「進 行」了一項實驗,邀請了一些駕駛人來開他們的 新款電動車,故 (A) 項應為正選。

3. The company asked the drivers, who were all new to electric vehicles, to drive their cars over an 18-mile distance, inclusive of a traffic jam moving along at a glacial pace, country roads, and expressways with dual lanes.

理由

根據語意,該韓國汽車製造商要求這些剛接觸電動 車的駕駛人開他們的車行駛十八英里的距離,行駛 路段「包括」交通堵塞地區、鄉村道路和雙車道高 速公路,故 (C) 項應為正選。

4. The results revealed that the relaxing nature of Beethoven’s music resulted in those cars using less battery power than the cars whose drivers listened to pop music.

理由

空格前一段提及開電動車時所聽的音樂也會影響其 能源消耗,可知本空格應與電量有關,根據語意, 結果顯示貝多芬音樂令人放鬆的特性讓那些汽車比 駕駛人聽流行樂的汽車用掉「較少的電池電量」, 故 (B) 項應為正選。

5. So, if you own an electric car but still want to make a greater environmental contribution, you can listen to your favorite piece of classical music.

理由

空格前一段提到,開車時聽貝多芬音樂比駕駛人聽 流行樂的汽車用掉更少的電池電量,可知若你擁有 一輛電動車,但仍想為環境做出更大的「貢獻」, 就可以聽古典樂來省電,故 (B) 項應為正選。




More to Learn


以下介紹與 music 的常見搭配用法:

a. listen to music 聽音樂

• On holidays, I like to stay at home and listen to music.

每逢假日我喜歡待在家裡聽音樂。

b. put on music 播放音樂/唱片

• Let’s spice up this party and put on some music.

我們放點音樂讓派對 high 起來吧。

c. play music 演奏/播放音樂

• The band used to play music from the 1970s in pubs.

這個樂團以前都在酒吧演奏 1970 年代的音樂。

• Mike likes to play music while studying.

麥克唸書時喜歡放音樂。

d. compose / write / create music 製作/創作音樂

• Not only did Arthur write good poems, but he could compose music.

亞瑟不僅詩寫得好,他也能作曲。

e. dance to (the) music 隨著音樂起舞

• Some people just can’t dance to music.

有些人就是無法隨著音樂起舞。

f. turn up / turn down the music 調高/調低音樂的音量

• Please turn up the music! I can barely hear it.

請將音樂調大聲一點!我幾乎都聽不到了。



中文翻譯(& 答案)


「 貝多芬」 讓你開車更省電!

如今,許多人都在努力過上更節能的生活來保護環境。人們所能做的一件特別有用的事情是購買電動車。大多數人都知道, 電動車比傳統的燃油車更加節能。然而,他們可能沒有意識到的是,一旦他們買了電動車,他們開車時所聽的音樂也會影響其能 源消耗。

一家韓國汽車製造商在 2022 年進行了一項實驗,邀請了一些駕駛人來開他們的新款電動車。該公司要求這些剛接觸電動車 的駕駛人開他們的車行駛十八英里(編按:約二十九公里)的距離,行駛路段包括以極緩慢速度移動的交通堵塞地區、鄉村道路 和雙車道高速公路。其中一些駕駛人被指示在開車時聽貝多芬的音樂。其他人則被要求聽一連串流行歌手的音樂,像是肯伊.威 斯特和愛黛兒。結果顯示,貝多芬音樂令人放鬆的特性讓那些汽車比駕駛人聽流行樂的汽車用掉更少的電池電量。這是因為流行 樂往往節奏較快且節拍較重。

因此,如果你擁有一輛電動車,但仍想為環境做出更大的貢獻,你可以聽聽你最喜歡的古典樂作品。然而,如果你不在乎耗 電又想開得比較快,就放一些快節奏的流行歌吧!



獻花 x0 回到頂端 [樓 主] From:臺灣亞太線上服務股份有限公司 | Posted:2022-11-21 10:28 |

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